- Smith, George
- (1840-1876)An English scholar and leading Assyriolo-gist who produced the first English translation of the ancient "great flood" story contained in the famous Epic of Gilgamesh. As a young man studying to be a bank engraver, Smith took a keen interest in the archaeological finds of Austen Henry La-yard and Henry C. Rawlinson in Mesopotamia. Smith diligently studied the cuneiform texts these early Assyriologists had found and put on display in London's British Museum. Eventually Rawlinson himself noticed Smith, got to know him, and allowed him to use his private museum office, where many other ancient tablets were waiting to be translated. In 1867 Smith was appointed to the position of assistantAssyriologist; four years later he published his own translation of the known historical records of one of Assyria's most famous kings, The Annals of Ashurbanipal.Smith's greatest achievement came in 1872, when he translated the flood account in the Babylonian version of the Gilgamesh epic. At the time, about fifteen of the lines in the account were missing. Because the discovery of any ancient texts relating to the Bible was big news, a London newspaper, the Daily Telegraph, offered to back an expedition to Iraq in hopes of finding a tablet containing the missing lines. Incredibly, after only a few weeks of digging, Smith himself found just such a tablet and was able to insert the missing fragments into his translation of the flood story. He later described the great discovery:On the 14th of May ... I sat down to examine the store of fragments of cuneiform inscriptions from the day's digging, taking out and brushing off the earth from the fragments to read their contents. On cleaning one of them I found to my surprise and gratification that it contained the greater portion of seventeen lines of inscription belonging to the first column of the Chaldean [Babylonian] account of the Deluge [great flood], and fitting into the only place where there was a serious blank in the story. When I had first published the account of this tablet I had conjectured that there were about fifteen lines wanting [lacking] in this part of the story, and now with this portion I was enabled to make it nearly complete.In 1875 Smith published Assyrian Discoveries, an account of his work and exploits up to that time, which became a seminal work in Middle Eastern archaeology. He died the following year in Mesopotamia in the midst of another expedition to dig up the lost secrets of the past.
Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. Don Nardo Robert B. Kebric. 2015.
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Smith, George — born March 19, 1824, London, Eng. died April 6, 1901, Byfleet, near Weybridge, Surrey British publisher. He took over his father s bookselling and publishing business in 1846. Under his leadership the firm issued works by such noted Victorian… … Universalium
Smith, George — ► (1840 76) Asiriólogo británico. Descifró las inscripciones chipriotas. * * * (19 mar. 1824, Londres, Inglaterra–6 abr. 1901, Byfleet, cerca de Weybridge, Surrey). Editor inglés. Heredó la editorial y librería de su padre en 1846. Bajo su tutela … Enciclopedia Universal
SMITH, GEORGE — Assyriologist, born at London; trained as a bank note engraver, but attracted the attention of Sir Henry Rawlinson by his interest in cuneiform inscriptions, and in 1867 received an appointment in the British Museum; acquired great skill as an … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Smith, George — England. 19th century preacher. He wanted to settle the Gypsies and saw the Gypsy way of life as requiring reform through education and improved sanitary conditions. His books on the subject were Gipsy Life: Being an Account of Our Gipsies and … Historical dictionary of the Gypsies
Smith, George Washington — ▪ American dancer born c. 1820, , Philadelphia died Feb. 18, 1899, Philadelphia American dancer, ballet master, and teacher, considered the only male American ballet star of the 19th century. Smith s talents were developed by studying … Universalium
Smith, George Adam — D.D., LL.D. (b. 1856) Biblical scholar, etc. The Book of Isaiah (1888 90), Historical Geography of the Holy Land (1894), Jerusalem (1907), etc … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Smith, George Gregory — (b. 1865) Critic, etc. The Days of James IV., The Transition Period (of European literature of the fifteenth century), Specimens of Middle Scots (1902), Elizabethan Critical Essays (1904), etc … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
George albert smith (mormonisme) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir George Albert Smith. Georges Albert Smith George Albert … Wikipédia en Français
George Joseph Smith — (* 11. Januar 1872 in London; † 13. August 1915 in Maidstone) war ein britischer Bigamist, der drei Frauen tötete. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Smith (assyriologiste) — George Smith (assyriologue) Tablette du Déluge de l’épopée de Gilgamesh, rédigée en akkadien George Smith( Né le 26 mars 1840, à Chelsea, et mort le 19 août 1876, à Alep) est un assyriologue brit … Wikipédia en Français